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Health Statistics- Cardiovascular Disease, Tobacco and Injury

Cardiovascular Disease:

· Cardiovascular Disease accounts for 38% of all deaths in Utah County Health District. Interventions targeting the preventable risk factors for Cardiovascular Disease such as physical inactivity and poor nutritional habits are the focus of the Utah County Cardiovascular program.

· The number of people with diabetes in Utah County is 10,800 which is 2.8% of the population. People with diabetes are two to four times more likely to develop heart disease and stroke than people free from diabetes. The risk of developing diabetes may be reduced by improving health behaviors such as dietary patterns, physical activity and weight in high risk populations.

· Today, in Utah, nearly 600,000 people are considered inactive. Because regular physical activity decreases the risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes, a lack of physical activity contributes significantly to death and disability in Utah. (Utah Department of Health, Cardiovascular Health Program)

· 114, 240 Utahns report having had a first heart attack, stroke or a diagnosis of coronary heart disease or angina. (2000-2001 BRFSS, Utah Department of Health, Cardiovascular Health Program.)

*Call 851-7528 for more information about Cardiovascular Disease Prevention programs.

Tobacco:

· Cigarette smoking kills over 440,000 people in the United States each year. (Source: MMWR- Center for Disease Control) Tobacco use, particularly smoking, remains the number one cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. (Source: Reducing Tobacco Use- A Report of the Surgeon General-2000)

· Smoking during pregnancy resulted in an estimated 1007 infant deaths annually in the U.S. from 1995-1999. (Source: MMWR- Center for Disease Control)

· The economic costs of smoking are estimated to be about $3,391 per smoker per year. (Source: MMWR- Center for Disease Control)

· Estimates show that smoking caused over $150 billion in annual health-related economic losses from 1995 to 1999. (Source: MMWR- Center for Disease Control)

*Call 851-7096 or 851-7098 for more information about Division of Health Promotion's Tobacco Prevention and Control programs.

Injury:

· Observational surveys conducted in June of 2003 indicated that 73% of Utah County residents wear their safety belts. (Source: Utah County Health Promotion, Injury Prevention and Control Program)

· In Utah County, 98% of car seats are used improperly. (Source: Utah County Safe Kids Chapter) The Utah County Division of Health Promotion offers car seat classes and car seat checks to help parents correctly use car seats (Call 851-7035 for more information.)

· In the past 26 years, safety belts prevented 135,000 fatalities and 3.8 million injuries, saving $585 billion in medical and other costs. If all vehicle occupants had used safety belts during that period, nearly 315,000 deaths and 5.2 million injuries could have been prevented -- and $913 billion in costs saved. (Source: NHTSA, Economic Impact of Crashes)

· In 2004, an unbelted crash occupant was killed in Utah every 2 days. (Source: Utah Highway Safety Office)

·A properly fitted bicycle helmet reduces the risk of head injury by as much as 85 percent and the risk of brain injury by as much as 88 percent. (Source: NHTSA)

*Call 851-7035 or 851-7068 for more information about the Division of Health Promotions Injury Prevention and Control programs.
  
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